50 Famous Landmarks in Spain (with photos)
27th January, 2023
What are the most famous landmarks in Spain and why ate they so famous? Which landmarks in Spain should be on your next Spanish travel itinerary? I have all this information and more covered in this article… keep reading to learn more about the 50 most famous landmarks in Spain…
- Landmarks in Spain
- 1. Alhambra, Granada
- 2. Mérida’s Roman Ruins
- 3. Antequera Dolmens Site
- 4. Tarraco, The Roman Ruins
- 5. The Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez
- 6. The Archaeological Site of Atapuerca
- 7. Burgos Cathedral, a Masterpiece of Gothic Art
- 8. Altamira Cave, The Paleolithic Age Art
- 9. Medina Azahara, The Caliphate City
- 10. Alcázar, The Exceptional Testimony of Almohads
- 11. Vall De Boi, The Catalan Romanesque Churches
- 12. Serra De Tramuntana, a Cultural Landscape
- 13. Cuenca Town, Medieval Fortified City
- 14. Almaden, The Heritage of Mercury Mining
- 15. Toledo City, a Heterogeneous Civilization Example
- 16. The Historic Centre of Cordoba
- 17. La Lonja De La Seda de Valencia
- 18. Escurial Monastery and Palace, Madrid
- 19. Las Medulas, A Historic Gold Mining Site
- 20. Asturias Kingdom and Ovideo Monuments
- 21. Mudejar Architecture of Aragon
- 22. Old City of Salamanca
- 23. Avila Old Town, The Extra-Muros Churches
- 24. Caceres’ Old Town, A Beautiful City
- 25. Palau De La Musica Catalana
- 26. Hospital de Sant Pau
- 27. The Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct
- 28. Palmeral of Elche
- 29. Buen Retiro and Paseo Del Prado
- 30. Poblet Monastery, A Cistercian Abbey
- 31. Prehistoric Rock Art Sites of Paleolithic Age
- 32. Roman Walls of Lugo
- 33. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles
- 34. Mediterranean Basin Rock Art
- 35. Sacred Mountains of Gran Canaria and Risco Caido
- 36. Santa Maria De Guadalupe’s Royal Monastery
- 37. Santiago De Compostela Routes
- 38. Xative Castle
- 39. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries
- 40. San Cristóbal de La Laguna
- 41. Tower of Hercules
- 42. Vizcaya Bridge
- 43. University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares
- 44. Works of Antoni Gaudí
- 45. Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests
- 46. Donana National Park
- 47. Garajonay National Park
- 48. Teide National Park
- 49. Ibiza, Biodiversity, and Culture
- 50. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu
Landmarks in Spain
Spain boasts stunning natural scenery, rich history, and vibrant culture. Just thinking about the country fills one with a sense of excitement. Surprisingly, according to the United Nations reports, Spain is the 2nd most visited country, which welcomed 31.2 million tourists last year, most of whom visited the many landmarks in Spain.
As such, it’s no wonder that the country is on the top destination list for tourists worldwide. Definitely, there are unlimited reasons to love Spain, but if I had to pick a few, it would be the incredible architectural masterpieces, captivating art, a magnificent castle, dreamy mosques, and grand amphitheaters.
Additionally, the landmarks in Spain rank 3rd in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites with a total of 49 locations. And of course, one can not forget about the food and cultural festivals. From mouth-watering paella to delectable churros, the country has a lot to offer. So no matter what you are looking for, Spain has something in store for everyone.
Fasten your seatbelts and get ready for an unforgettable journey as we take you to some of the most famous landmarks in Spain.
1. Alhambra, Granada
This Moorish citadel is in Southern Spain’s Andalusia region and is one of the famous landmarks in Spain. The Alhambra was built for the Nasrid sultans. The palace complex reflects Moorish and European influences on its architecture. Highlights include the Palace of Carlos V, a Renaissance structure, and the Nasrid Palaces, with intricate Islamic arches and porticoes.
Must-sees also include the Generalife, a rural retreat of the sultans with Water gardens, and the Alcazaba, a hilltop fortress.
2. Mérida’s Roman Ruins
The former name of Merida was Emerita Augusta. Built in 25 B.C. by the order of Emperor Augustus. In southwestern Spain, the town of Mérida, has the largest number of preserved Roman ruins in Spain. It includes a well-preserved theater, a vast circus, an amphitheater, a temple, an outstanding water supply system, and an extensive bridge over Guadiana.
This also reflects the best example of Roman capital planning and popular landmarks in Spain. If you visit during July or August, you can catch a prestigious play or musical performance in the theater.
3. Antequera Dolmens Site
The Antequera Dolmens Site in Andalusia is one of Europe’s most important megalithic monuments. It is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site includes three monuments that reflect the exceptional architectural creations of the Bronze and Neolithic Ages.
It includes Menga Dolmen, Tholos of El Romeral, and Viera Dolmen, along with two natural monuments, El Torcal de Antequera and El Peñon de los Enamorados. Moreover, it has a wide range of flora and fauna, which makes it an ideal place for nature lovers.
4. Tarraco, The Roman Ruins
One of the landmarks in Spain, also the largest and most important Roman site, is the Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco. In present-day, this ancient city is known as Tarragona. It is the oldest and first Roman colony in the Iberian Peninsula, Spain.
This well-preserved archaeological site has a rich history. Moreover, the ruins offer a great insight into how the Romans lived in the Republican period during the 3rd century BCE. You can visit the amphitheater, circus, Roman theatre, Romanesque church, medol quarry, colony forum, Imperial cult enclosure, and Christian necropolis to double your experience.
5. The Cultural Landscape of Aranjuez
Three hundred years ago, Aranjuez was a favorite destination for Spanish royalty. The Aranjuez Cultural Landscape is situated on the banks of the river Tajo, south of Madrid. The royal palace, gardens, and parks reflect the development of Spanish landscape architecture from the 16th century to the present day.
This landmark experiences different cultural exchanges that have taken place over time a bit similar of other cultural landmarks in Spain. Additionally, the interplay between nature and human activity greatly contributes to the outstanding universal value of this site.
6. The Archaeological Site of Atapuerca
One million years ago, the earliest humans in Europe settled at the archaeological site of Atapuerca in northern Spain. It is depicted from the fossil record found in the caves of the Sierra de Atapuerca. This site is of great significance for scientific study. Because of the priceless information, it provides about the life of human ancestors.
Tourists love to visit the Museum of Human Evolution, which is dedicated exclusively to human evolution. However, the Atapuerca Mountains are also enriched in flora and fauna. So don’t miss the chance to explore the natural beauty of this place- it is definitely one of the most fascinating landmarks in Spain.
7. Burgos Cathedral, a Masterpiece of Gothic Art
The Burgos Cathedral is located in the province of Burgos. This masterpiece was built between the 13th and 16th centuries. The superb architecture of Burgos Cathedral reflects the entire history of Gothic art and its unique artworks.
This beautiful cathedral is decorated with paintings, tombs, stained glass windows, reredos, and choir stalls. The Sacristy of Burgos Cathedral is one of the finest examples of Renaissance art. Do pay a visit to the museum inside the cathedral to catch a glimpse of Burgos’ history.
8. Altamira Cave, The Paleolithic Age Art
An exceptional creative genius was behind the Altamira Cave paintings. It significantly highlights the cultural tradition and outstanding stage of human development during the Paleolithic period. The Altamira Cave paintings evolved from 35,000 to 11,000 BC across Europe, making this one of the oldest landmarks in Spain.
These caves are well preserved and safe from climatic conditions. Its deep galleries, chambers, and corridors offer a great experience to tourists.
9. Medina Azahara, The Caliphate City
The Umayyad dynasty founded this archaeological site in the 10th century C.E. It was the seat of the Caliphate of Cordoba. Medina Azahara symbolized political power and the great Al-Andalus’s western Islamic civilization.
Its roads, buildings, water systems, bridges, and other furnished infrastructure elements resemble today’s urban cities. The rediscovery of this site happened in the 20th century. If you love to explore the splendors of the Islamic civilization of Al-Andalus, then don’t forget to add Medina Azahara to your bucket list when exploring the landmarks in Spain.
10. Alcázar, The Exceptional Testimony of Almohads
A phenomenal monumental complex in the center of Seville. The Alcazar, including the cathedral and Archivo de Indias, forms an outstanding testimony to the Almohad period and Christian Andalusia. Dating back from the 1248 Reconquest to the 16th century, Alcázar is one of the most significant cultural landmarks in Spain.
It displays almost all cultural styles of art, starting from Renaissance to the Neo-classical. These attributes make it a perfect place for you to learn about the Muslim and Christian heritage of Spain. Alcázar is also known for its beautiful gardens, reflecting the Moorish garden design and water management tradition.
11. Vall De Boi, The Catalan Romanesque Churches
The Vall de Boí is a small village in the Pyrenean Mountains of Spain. It consists of a group of churches built in the Romanesque style between the 11th and 12th centuries. The Vall de Boí is also listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site. Because of its beauty and exceptional testimony to Romanesque art and architecture.
12. Serra De Tramuntana, a Cultural Landscape
On the island of Mallorca on the northwestern coast, there is a range of mountains known as Serra de Tramuntana. It represents the Mediterranean agricultural landscape and is one of the notable examples of cultural landscapes.
UNESCO declared the Serra de Tramuntana a World Heritage Site in 2011. This mountain range provides an opportunity for locals and tourists to explore the diverse flora and fauna of the region. In addition, Serra de Tramuntana is also a great place for trekking, climbing, and cycling, which makes it a perfect addition to the list of landmarks in Spain.
13. Cuenca Town, Medieval Fortified City
Another one of the best landmarks in Spain to explore is a historic town situated in central Spain. The Cuenca town is famous for its houses built on cliffs and hanging over the edge of a gorge. It is one of the well-preserved medieval fortified cities and landmarks in Spain. The Moors built it for defensive purposes at the centre of the Cordoba Caliphate.
Castilians conquered the city in the 12th century, and they built many noteworthy buildings. For example, Casas Colgadas and the first Gothic Cathedral of Spain. This site is also well-known because its walled town blends with the rocky landscape.
14. Almaden, The Heritage of Mercury Mining
This is one of the unique landmarks in Spain. Located in the small town of Almaden, Spain. It is famous because of its mercury mines, used from Roman times until the 20th century. The Almaden and Idrija mercury mines are the most significant source.
The worth-seeing spots in Almaden and Idrija are the religious buildings, Retamar Castle, traditional dwellings, mercury stores, theatre and living quarters of miners, and other infrastructure connected with mercury mining. These are among the largest mercury mines in the world, operational for such a long time.
15. Toledo City, a Heterogeneous Civilization Example
The historic city of Toledo holds the influence of more than 2,000 years of heterogeneous civilization. The city is on a mountain top overlooking the Tagus River in central Spain. Toledo was the capital of the Visigothic Kingdom, and it remains the fortress of the Cordoba Emirate.
Additionally, under Charles V, it was the seat of supreme power and served as a Roman municipium. Well, not forgetting the influence of Christian Kingdoms when it was the outpost during their fight with the Moors.
In short, Toledo is a microcosm of Spain itself, experiencing the influence of three main religions Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. For these reasons, its traditional crafts, art, and historical monuments offer much more to its visitors.
16. The Historic Centre of Cordoba
It is located in the Andalusia region of Spain. Cordoba’s eminent glory began during the Moorish conquest in the 8th century. The Cordoba Caliphate made it the most significant city of Western Islam. They build around 300 mosques, public buildings, and other magnificent buildings.
The Cordoba Caliphate was one of the most prosperous empires in Europe. Their architecture reflected this and became an exemplar of Moorish art. Because of its splendid history, visitors can find Cordoba, a city of palaces, gardens, and mosques. There are also many more natural and architectural surprises for you to be explored in Cordoba.
17. La Lonja De La Seda de Valencia
The Silk Exchange, or La Lonja De La Seda de Valencia, is a late 15th-century building in Valencia. It is one of Spain’s most outstanding pieces of Gothic architecture. This merchant’s exchange was built to facilitate trade in silk and other luxury fabrics. The upper floor is composed of a lavishly decorated hall with a ribbed vault.
This Gothic masterpiece portrays Valencia’s economic wealth and power during the 15th century. La Lonja is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most influential landmarks in Spain.
18. Escurial Monastery and Palace, Madrid
You can enjoy your trip to this palace by visiting Madrid, Spain. The Escurial Monastery is a former monastery and now a palace located in Madrid. It is one of the popular landmarks in Spain that enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1984. Excitedly, it is also the world’s largest Renaissance building.
The Escurial Monastery is a symbol of Spain’s power during the 16th century. It was built by King Philip II of Spain to honor Saint Lawrence. The monastery is an opulent combination of Renaissance and Baroque architectural styles.
Make an unforgettable experience by strolling through the vast monastic complex, Escurial beautiful gardens, Hall of Battles, Basilica, and marvel at the magnificent artworks inside the palace.
19. Las Medulas, A Historic Gold Mining Site
In the 1st century A.D., the Romans started mining for gold in Las Medulas. They used a technique called ruina montium, or “wrecking of mountains.” This involved creating giant aqueducts to divert rivers and using the water to wash away entire hillsides, exposing the gold-bearing bedrock beneath.
The Romans extracted tons of gold from Las Medulas, making it one of the world’s largest gold mines. After they withdrew, the Romans left the landscape of Las Medulas devastated. Today, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most famous landmarks in Spain.
These ancient technology traces are easily visible in Las Medulas today. However, the vast areas and mountainsides of tailings are now utilized for agricultural purposes.
20. Asturias Kingdom and Ovideo Monuments
Ovideo is a municipality and a city in the Principality of Asturias. It is located in northern Spain. During the 9th century, a creative pre-Romanesque architectural style was designed in the Iberian peninsula. Its key purpose was to make substantial developments for religious buildings.
These developments can be observed in the churches of San Julián de los Prados, San Miguel de Lillo, the Cámara Santa, Santa María del Naranco, and Santa Cristina de Lena.
In addition, the La Foncalada fountain is also a remarkably stylish pre-Romanesque monument associated with their innovations. Both local and international visitors prefer this spot because of its distinctive architectural style and landscape.
21. Mudejar Architecture of Aragon
The Mudejar art evolved from Aragon’s cultural, social, and political conditions in the 12th century until the 16th century. This art is greatly influenced by Gothic styles, Islamic traditions, Romanesque architecture, and contemporary European styles.
Seville’s royal palace and the Alcazar are among the most significant Mudejar buildings. It’s a must-see place when you visit Seville. In addition, you can entertain yourself by admiring the Mudejar architecture, Mudéjar paintings, and Gothic sculptures.
22. Old City of Salamanca
Another best pick from the worth-considering landmarks in Spain is Salamanca. It is an autonomous community in western Spain. The Old City of Salamanca is a 12th-century Romanesque cathedral that became one of Spain’s first Gothic buildings.
The Salamanca Cathedral combines Romanesque, Gothic, and baroque architectural styles. The Plaza Mayor, along with its arcades and galleries, is the most impressive thing that attracts tourists. Get a train from Madrid and start to explore Salamanca’s stunning historical landmarks.
23. Avila Old Town, The Extra-Muros Churches
This Spanish landmark is a medieval walled city. The purpose behind building Avila’s wall was to protect its citizens from invaders. This best-preserved medieval walled city was founded in the 11th century. There are nine gates and 88 semi-circular towers that follow the perimeter of Avila. If you are a nature lover and history enthusiast, Avila is an ideal place for you to explore.
24. Caceres’ Old Town, A Beautiful City
Caceres is located in Extremadura, Spain. This city’s architecture reflects the conflicts between Christians and Moors. The old town of Caceres features medieval Christian, Moorish, Islamic blends, and Renaissance styles.
Caceres’ towers, gates, churches, and palaces are magnetic examples of this city’s beauty. The most famous tower from the Islamic period is the Torre Del Bujaco. Tourists usually come here to explore Caceres’ sensational medieval architecture.
25. Palau De La Musica Catalana
Maybe you are looking for something special and extraordinary in Spain. The Palau De La Musica Catalana is an iconic concert hall in Barcelona. It is one of the most consequential landmarks in Spain and Europe because of its innovative design and majestic view.
This concert hall combines Catalan modernism and Art Nouveau architectural styles. It is decorated with colorful ceramics, stained glass, mosaics, sculptures, and ironwork. However, the most significant element in this building is the use of light and color to produce a magical atmosphere.
26. Hospital de Sant Pau
You may wonder why Hospital de Sant Pau is on the list of famous landmarks in Spain. This oldest hospital in Barcelona is the world’s most significant Art Nouveau site. In addition, it is enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site because of its innovative and beautiful architecture.
This world-famous hospital is a combination of Catalan modernism, Gothic, and Renaissance styles. Apart from its design, it perfectly meets the needs of sick people. The Hospital de Sant Pau is a mesmerizing place you shouldn’t miss when visiting Barcelona.
27. The Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct
Segovia is a province in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. It is located in north-central Spain. The old town of Segovia and its aqueduct are among the well-preserved landmarks in Spain. It was built in c. A.D. 50 by Roman engineers.
The aqueduct is a massive construction that consists of two tiers of arches. Interestingly, despite serving as a royal palace, it has been Segovia’s main jail and military academy for centuries.
28. Palmeral of Elche
A landscape of palms is not something that you can see every day. Palmeral of Elche is an oasis of date palms in Elche, Spain. It is the largest palm grove in Europe and one of the biggest in the world.
This Spanish landmark is more than 2000 years old. It represents the Arab agricultural practices that were introduced in Spain. They used the agrarian production system in Palmeral of Elche to increase the yield of crops.
Travelers from all over the world come to Elche to see this gigantic palm grove. Additionally, its historical importance also attracts tourists. Because it also reflects the Roman times agrarian production system and the remodifications made during the medieval period by Christian and Islamic sovereigns.
29. Buen Retiro and Paseo Del Prado
This Spanish landscape feature dates back to the 17th century. It was a private garden of the Spanish Bourbons. It is also known as a landscape of Sciences and Arts.
The Buen Retiro and Paseo del Prado offer a serene atmosphere to their visitors. Tourists usually come here to admire the Retiro’s numerous sculptures, fountains, Fuente de Neptuno, Fuente de Apolo, Fuente de Cibeles, and other prestigious monuments. The Paseo del Prado is also a great place to see some of the buildings devoted to research, healthcare, and industry.
30. Poblet Monastery, A Cistercian Abbey
Located in the village of Poblet, Tarragona. It was founded in 1150. This Cistercian Abbey is one of the biggest and oldest in Europe. The Poblet Monastery is a religious pilgrimage site for many Christians.
This Spanish landmark is a place where you can see beautiful architecture and art. At the heart of Poblet Monastery, there is a 12th-century Romanesque church with three naves.
Apart from the church, you can also explore the cloisters, the Chapter house, the Refectory, and Abbey’s garden. Moreover, the fortified royal residence is also worth seeing.
31. Prehistoric Rock Art Sites of Paleolithic Age
The Siega Verde and Coa Valley are the two well-known locations in Spain where you can see prehistoric rock art. UNESCO World Heritage also enlisted these Sites because of their outstanding universal value.
Visitors are crazy about its iconographic themes, breathtaking illustration, and Paleolithic rock art organisation.
32. Roman Walls of Lugo
This Spanish landmark was constructed in the 3rd century to protect the city of Lugo from barbarian invasions. These Roman walls are the only completely preserved example of military architecture from the period of the empire. It’s also a must-see Spanish landmark if you are in Lugo.
33. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles
The Baeza and Ubeda’s urban morphology and architectural style are the two main reasons why they are enlisted on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Renaissance Monumental Ensembles of Baeza and Ubeda are two well-preserved Spanish landmarks that offer a great insight to travelers into the Renaissance period of Spanish history.
34. Mediterranean Basin Rock Art
It is located on the Iberian Peninsula and the Mediterranean islands. The Prehistoric Mediterranean Basin is one of Spain’s most significant heritage sites. It is famous for its cave art, rock art, and Prehistoric art that provide insight into Paleolithic societies’ social, economic, and religious practices.
35. Sacred Mountains of Gran Canaria and Risco Caido
The landmarks in Spain are mostly about history and culture. But the Sacred Mountains of Gran Canaria and Risco Caido are one of Spain’s natural landmarks that are worth visiting.
The mountains are considered sacred by the ancient people of the island. It is also a place of great religious and cultural importance for the Guanches, the native people of Gran Canaria.
36. Santa Maria De Guadalupe’s Royal Monastery
There are many Monastery landmarks in Spain, but Santa Maria de Guadalupe is one of the most influential ones. It has been an incredible repository of Spanish religious architecture for 4 centuries.
In addition, it contains two notable historical events: the arrival of Christopher Columbus and the Reconquest by the Catholic kings of the Iberian peninsula. Don’t forget to pay a visit to this magical place.
37. Santiago De Compostela Routes
The Northern Spain routes and Camino Frances are the two best-known Santiago de Compostela routes. They are pilgrimage routes that lead to Santiago de Compostela in Galicia in northwestern Spain. The heritage built along these routes, such as churches, bridges, hospitals, and hostels, is of great historical importance.
So, if you are a history lover and crazy about driving, don’t forget to explore these routes.
38. Xative Castle
Castles are common landmarks in Spain. Xativa Castle is also one of them that was built in the 11th century. It is located on a strategic hilltop in the city of Xativa in Valencia. The castle has a unique position that offers stunning views of the city, the countryside, and the Mediterranean Sea. It’s the favorite spot of hikers, climbers, and trackers.
39. San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries
These are the monasteries in the north of Spain, located in the La Rioja; Autonomous Community. This property has a buffer zone with 19 hectares of areas
This architecture marks the best historical place in the history of Spain due to its extraordinary landscape, natural environment, and Renaissance & Medival styles. The credit for the birth of the Spanish language is also with these monasteries.
40. San Cristóbal de La Laguna
It is located in the Canary Islands’Autonomus Community, the Island of Tenerife. This gorgeous place is the 1st example of a town of American colonial times that was unfortified. Those are the times of American settlements under Spanish rulings. Moreover, the place is a living example of a mixed influence of American and European culture.
41. Tower of Hercules
As a big landmark at the starting point of La Coruna harbor, the Tower of Hercules played its role as a lighthouse from the late 1st century A.D. This harbor is in the northwestern part of Spain. It was the time when ancient Romans established the Farum Brigantium.
The height of the Hercules tower is 57 meters while it is on a rock. It rises further to 55 meters. There is a small Roman building with the base of the tower. This is also regarded as a sculpture park, as it features the Muslim cemetery and the Iron Age sites.
42. Vizcaya Bridge
Vizcaya Bridge is on the front of the Ibaizabal estuary, which is in the west part of Bilbao. The designer of this bridge was Alberto de Palacio, a Basque architect. It was built in the year 1893. The bridge’s height is 45 meters and has traditional iron working on it, along with the technological use of new lightweight twisted steel ropes.
The extraordinary thing about Vizcaya bridge is that it doesn’t need lowering or rising whenever a huge estuary of ships passes by. Therefore, it was an innovative transportation method applied at the time of its construction. As a result, it was a new model for transporter bridges worldwide.
43. University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares
This university was founded, in the early 16th century, by Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros. The exciting thing about this university is that it was the 1st planned university city on the globe. Its location is at the Autonomous Community, which is 30km from Madrid, the capital.
This property includes historical buildings that are magnificent and complex. For example, the Monastery of St Bernard and Colegio Mayor de San Idelfonso. Additionally, several historic buildings there are under the security of Spanish legislation.
44. Works of Antoni Gaudí
The late 19th and 20th centuries mark the exceptional works of architect Antoni Gaudi in Spain. He built seven properties somewhere near Barcelona. All of these monuments were exceptional because of their technical aspects.
These seven greatest works of Guadi includes; Casa Vicens, Casa Batlló, Parque Güell, Colonia Güell Crypt, La Sagrada Familia Crypt & Nativity façade, Casa Mila and Palacio Güell.
For the artistic schools of the 19th century, this work of Gaudi was a unique creative synthesis. His works’ rationalism, symbolism, and expressionism made him much closer to 20th-century modernism.
45. Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests
This property has 94 elements in the 18 countries of the world. When the last Ice Age ended around 11,000 years ago, the European beach became widespread in several refuge areas, including the Pyrenees, Alps, Mediterranean, Dinarides, and the Carpathians.
It was just a short period of a few centuries and continues. The trees in these areas are highly adaptive to geographical, climatic, and physical changes.
The biggest threat in this era to this property is habitat fragmentation and logging. As the land is being used for infrastructure, it can cause nutrient mobilizing impacts and other microclimatic changes.
46. Donana National Park
It is under the World Heritage Convention, recently visited by a monitoring mission in February 2020 (from the 25th to the 28th). According to a report, the Donana property is exposed to the risk of not getting good qualitative and chemical status. Therefore, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) took significant measures in this case in 2020.
Besides being a crucial Spanish landmark, Donana is also a great place to enjoy nature. It is a natural paradise for bird watching, hiking, and horse riding.
47. Garajonay National Park
This park is located in the Canary Islands archipelago, in the middle of La Gomera Island. 70% of this park is covered by Laurel forest.
This park is an important water source for Gomera, covering 11% of the island. It has a beautiful network of flowing streams that are permanently there. The geographical uniqueness of this forest is that the type of vegetation found here is only in Macaronesian Islands.
The park contains a well-preserved and exceptional example of an ecosystem of luxuriant evergreen trees of flora and fauna.
48. Teide National Park
This park is located on Tenerife Island and refers to the 3,718 m high Teide-Pico Viejo stratovolcano, Spain’s highest peak. The place is also considered the 3rd tallest volcanic structure in the world. Plus, it is enlisted among the phenomenal natural landmarks in Spain. Because of its visual impact in a spectacular environment.
The global importance of Tiede is that it is always under geological processes due to the oceanic islands around it. Therefore, like other national parks in Spain, this property is also under legal protection, and a buffer zone surrounds it.
49. Ibiza, Biodiversity, and Culture
Ibiza greatly influences the Spanish New World Settlements and developmental fortifications. Being the best example of coastal and marine ecosystems’ interaction, Ibiza stands second to none.
It is a well-preserved shoreline in Posidonia, which is also a beautiful threat to other Mediterranean locations, having marine life. The considerable long history of Ibiza has Renaissance military architecture, Italian models’ influence, and Catalan and Arab periods merged in it. Must take a camera and a diary to capture the best memories.
50. Pyrénées – Mont Perdu
And the last of the landmarks in Spain to make this list are the Pyrenees Mountains. It is an attractive and gigantic landscape series on the borders of Spain and France. The peak of Mount Perdu is in the center of this mountain series, with a height of 3,352 m.
There is also an agricultural history of this landscape which is widely spread in the European regions. So its past has the stories of European social life, fields, forms, and pastures. But now, it is only part of the Pyrenees. So a complex zona of Neutra 2000 Network has covered this Spanish property.
Landmarks in Spain- Wrapping Up
Now that you have read this post on the landmarks in Spain, you will know that Spain is not only a beautiful country with spectacular landscapes and serene beaches but also has a rich history and culture. It is a land of many famous landmarks in Spain that are definitely worth visiting. Not only for the reason of its beauty but also to get an insight into the country’s long and varied history. A lengthy list of landmarks in Spain makes it impossible to visit all of them in one trip. So, if you plan to visit Spain soon, pick the best landmarks that suit your interest.
Did I forget any landmarks in Spain? If so, let me know in the comments below.
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