Rivers in Germany

50 Most Important Landmarks in Germany

This post may contain affiliate links. Read my full disclaimer here. Always remember to be a responsible tourist. See this travel resources post to plan your next trip.

(Last updated on: 26/11/2022)

Do you want to know which are the most important landmarks in Germany? Then you have come to the right place! This article will teach you about 50 major landmarks in Germany and why they are so important. Ready to learn more? Keep scrolling…

50 Landmarks in Germany

Think Germany, and beer, cars, and lederhosen come to mind. But there’s a lot more to this European country than stereotypes. With a long and rich history, Germany is a great place to get into the holiday spirit.

This article highlights 50 of the most important landmarks in Germany, from its most prominent city to its smallest towns. So whether you’re interested in history, architecture, or simply soaking up the culture, there’s something for everyone here.

From the Rhine River Valley wine region to the Black Forest, Germany hosts the most popular tourist destinations to put on your bucket list. Here are just a few of them!

Landmarks in Germany

First on my list of important landmarks in Germany is the East Side Gallery. This is the most famous landmark in Germany- it is a 1.3-kilometre-long wall that 118 artists painted from 21 countries. The artwork on the wall depicts various subjects, including hope, freedom, and peace.

It attracts more than 3 million visitors annually and has become an important symbol of freedom and unity. The site opened its gate to the public in 1990, just days after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Today, the East Side Gallery is a must-explored for any visitors to Berlin.

2. Lake Constance

Landmarks in Germany

Located in southwest Germany, Lake Constance is bordered by the Alps and shares a shoreline with Austria and Switzerland. With a depth of over 800 feet, it is one of the deepest lakes in Central Europe. Lake Constance is also home to various fish, including brown trout, perch, and pike.

With its natural beauty, the lake also has a rich history. It was once the site of a Roman settlement and later served as a key battleground during the Thirty Years’ War. This makes Lake Constance one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

3. Saxon Switzerland National Park

Landmarks in Germany

You can’t miss this beautiful landmark in Germany, Saxon Switzerland National Park. Every year, millions of people admire its scenic landscape and marvel at its natural wonders.

This national park was founded in 1990, and since then, it has been a popular tourist destination. Its towering cliffs, verdant forests, and crystal-clear rivers make it a truly magical place and one of the most popular landmarks in Germany. There’s something special for everyone with many activities, from hiking and climbing to canoeing and cycling.

4. River Spree, Berlin

Landmarks in Germany

Another renowned landmark in Germany is the River Spree. The scenery and atmosphere along the river are the ideal way to get rid of the city’s hustle and bustle. The best time to come is during summer when the weather is warm and the water levels are high, making it perfect for swimming, kayaking, and fishing.

Moreover, you might even catch a glimpse of some of the locals sunbathing on the banks. Although it might not be as picturesque in winter, the River Spree is still worth a visit and is one of the most popular landmarks in Germany year-round.

5. Elbphilharmonie, Hamburg

Landmarks in Germany

The Elbphilharmonie is not only a landmark in Germany but also a symbol of Hamburg’s rebirth as a cultural hub. The beauty of this world’s famous concert hall attracts tourists from all over the world.

The Elbphilharmonie is a beautiful building with excellent acoustics. The concert hall was designed by world-renowned architect Herzog & de Meuron and opened in 2017.

With its unique and aesthetic architecture, the Elbphilharmonie is one of the main reasons for Hamburg’s recent revival.

6. Eltz Castle, Wierschem

Landmarks in Germany

Eltz Castle is the center of interest for anyone visiting Germany. Nestled in the hills of the Mosel region, the same family has occupied the castle for over 800 years. Visitors can tour the castle grounds, which include a beautiful garden and an armory filled with historical weapons and armor.

The castle also has a museum featuring exhibits on the region’s history. So if you’re interested in history or just looking for a breathtaking setting, Eltz Castle is a place to go.

7. Bavarian Alps

Landmarks in Germany

From the first glance of the Bavarian Alps, you can realise why they’re among the striking landmarks in Germany. The ranges extend for over 500 kilometres, from the River Danube in the north to the city of Munich in the south.

The imposing mountains loom large and are waiting to be explored. Whether hiking to the summit or taking a stroll through picturesque valleys, there’s something for everyone.

8. The Black Forest

Landmarks in Germany

The Black Forest hosts some of the most beautiful scenery in the country. It’s a densely wooded mountain range that extends for about 160 miles (260 kilometers) from the southwest to the northeast. The range gets its name from the dark, evergreen trees that cover the mountains.

In addition to its stunning forestry, the Black Forest is also known for its rivers, valleys, and lakes. Visitors can explore these natural wonders by hiking, biking, or even taking a scenic ride on the Black Forest Railway. This is one of the most popular rural landmarks of Germany.

9. Bastei Bridge

Landmarks in Germany

Enjoy the breathtakingly beautiful spot, Bastei Bridge. The awe-inspiring landmark in Germany spans the Elbe River and is made entirely of sandstone.

Also, it is one of the oldest bridges in Germany, having been built back in the early 19th century.

The Bastei Bridge is a popular tourist destination for a good reason – the views from up here are incredible. And if you feel hungry, plenty of restaurants and cafes are located on the bridge, so you can refuel while enjoying the stunning views.

10. Berlin Cathedral

Landmarks in Germany

The Berlin Cathedral has a long and varied history, being built in 1451 and later rebuilt in the 19th century. It is now a favourite tourist destination for those interested in history or architecture and one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

The Berlin Cathedral is also significant for its role in the Protestant Reformation. Many Reformers, such as Martin Luther, preached from the pulpit. Today, the Berlin Cathedral is a beautiful sightseeing destination that should not be missed by any tourist visiting Germany.

11. Wadden Sea National Park, Hamburg

Landmarks in Germany

The Wadden Sea National Park is situated on the country’s west coast. The park shelters a wealth of natural beauty, including beaches, dunes, and wetlands. The park also helps conserve migratory birds, and you can find some rare and endangered species.

Visitors are facilitated with numerous activities, including hiking, bird-watching, and swimming. With its incredible scenery and diverse wildlife, it’s no wonder that the Wadden Sea National Park is included in the most beloved landmarks in Germany.

 12. Rhine Valley

Landmarks in Germany

The Rhine Valley is a refuge for many castles, including some of the world’s largest and most well-known castles. In addition to its natural beauty, the Rhine Valley has many historical sites.

The Battle of Waterloo was fought in the valley and was also the site of Kaiser Wilhelm’s abdication during World War I. For this reason, the Rhine Valley has a lot to offer tourists in terms of natural beauty and historical significance; making it one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

 13. Marienplatz, Munich

Landmarks in Germany

Marienplatz is situated in the heart of Munich. This picturesque square harbours a beautiful Gothic cathedral, a neoclassical town hall, and a towering statue of the Virgin Mary.

The square remains bustling with tourists taking selfies in front of the classical landmarks, street performers entertaining the crowds, and residents going about their day-to-day lives. Whether you want to soak up some history or enjoy crowd watching, Marienplatz is the perfect place to while away for an afternoon.

 14. Elbe River

Landmarks in Germany

The Elbe River is always a good bet if you’re looking for one of the most unique yet captivating landmarks in Germany. It is located in the German states of Saxony-Anhalt and Brandenburg.

The Elbe River is one of the major rivers of Central Europe and has a length of 1,112 kilometers. It flows through ten countries, including the Czech Republic and Switzerland.

The Elbe River has been an important waterway since ancient times. It was used for transportation and trade between the countries of Europe, making this one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

 15. Cochem Castle

Landmarks in Germany

This fairytale castle is one of the most famous landmarks in Germany, and it’s not hard to justify why. The castle is straight out of a storybook with its characteristic red rooftops and turreted towers.

Visitors can explore the castle’s grounds, including the Great Hall, chapel, and dungeon, or stroll through the manicured gardens. And on Fridays and Saturdays, the castle comes alive and hosts a “Knights’ Feast” The feast includes a four-course meal, entertainment by jesters and musicians, and a reenactment of a medieval tournament.

16. Rothenburg ob der Taube

Landmarks in Germany

This small town is located in the Franconia region of Germany. It is best known for its preserved medieval center, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors to Rothenburg can explore its winding streets and half-timbered houses – visit its various museums, or take a scenic stroll along the town walls.

The town also hosts several annual festivals, including the famous Christmas Market. Whether you’re looking to experience German history or enjoy a beautiful setting, Rothenburg ob der Tauber is the perfect location to spend quality time.

 17. Triberg Waterfall

Landmarks in Germany

Standing at 163 meters tall, the Triberg Waterfalls is the tallest waterfall in Germany, making this one of the most important natural landmarks in Germany. Nestled in the Black Forest of Germany, Triberg Waterfalls is one of the most famous landmarks in Germany.

The falls are not only magnificent but also fun to explore. You can swim in the water or even go for a ride on the world’s most oversized cuckoo clock.

 18. Brandenburg Gate, Berlin

Landmarks in Germany

This 18th-century structure, Brandenburg Gate, is located in the heart of Berlin and has long been a city symbol. Today, the gate is a popular spot for photos and selfies. Visitors can also enjoy views of the surrounding city from the top of the gate.

Brandenburg Gate is also a reminder of Berlin’s turbulent history. The gate was built during peace and prosperity but became a symbol of division during the Cold War. This is one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

 19. Rugen Island

Landmarks in Germany

Credit: https://theculturetrip.com/

Anotherlandmark in Germany is Rugen Island, one of the largest islands in the country. It offers popular attractions such as the Jasmund National Park and the Kiel Canal.

Visitors to Rugen Island can enjoy hiking, biking, swimming, and sunbathing on the island’s beaches. Rugen Island is convenient for tourists visiting Berlin or other parts of Germany, as it is accessible by ferry from the city of Rostock.

20. Hamburg TV Tower

Landmarks in Germany

This landmark in Germanyoffers stunning cityscape views from its observation deck. Located in the heart of Hamburg, the tower is one of the tallest buildings in the city and can be seen from all over.

You can enjoy the panoramic views of Hamburg and its surroundings. The tower also has a cafe and restaurant, making it a great place to relax and enjoy the view. In addition, the tower is a popular spot for bungee jumping – making it one of the most adrenaline-pumping landmarks in Germany.

21. Rhine River

Landmarks in Germany

The Rhine River is perhaps the best known of all the rivers in Germany. Stretching for over 700 miles, it flows through some of the country’s most scenic countryside, including the famed Black Forest and the fairytale city of Cologne.

Along its banks are castles, vineyards, ancient ruins and the wine capital of Germany- Mainz – making it a popular destination for tourists worldwide. In addition, the boat trips offer stunning views of the river and its surroundings and a chance to stop at various landmarks in Germany.

22. Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site

Landmarks in Germany

Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site is a beautiful spot for anyone interested in the history of World War II. As the first Nazi concentration camp, it played a vital role in the Holocaust.

Visitors can tour the grounds, see exhibits on the camp’s history, and view camp artifacts, including clothing and personal items belonging to prisoners. The memorial site also has a museum that offers a glimpse into the daily life of prisoners at Dachau.

23. Porsche Museum

Landmarks in Germany

Another of the most popular landmarks in Germany is the largest museum devoted to a single automaker. Situated in the scenic town of Stuttgart, the museum chronicles Porsche’s unique history through a series of interactive exhibits.

You can learn about Porsche’s early days as a producer of race cars, explore historical models such as the 911 and the Cayenne, and even take a virtual test drive. In addition to its impressive collection of vehicles, Porsche Museum also offers a cafe, gift shop, and children’s play area.

24. Cologne Cathedral

Landmarks in Germany

Constructed over six hundred years, from 1248 to 1848, Cologne Cathedral is one of the most awe-inspiring landmarks in Germany. Soaring 157m into the sky, it is the country’s tallest building and the third tallest cathedral in the world.

The cathedral keeps the tourists engaged with many important relics, including the Shrine of the Three Kings, which contains the remains of the Biblical Magi. It was one of the few buildings in the city to survive Allied bombing during World War II, and today it stands as a symbol of hope and resilience.

25. Neuschwanstein Castle

Landmarks in Germany

There’s no shortage of castles in Germany, but Neuschwanstein Castle is one of the most impressive. Built by King Ludwig II, the castle was intended to be a private retreat for the king and his guests. However, in the 19th century, the castle was opened to the public after the king’s untimely death.

Since then, visitors can enjoy Neuschwanstein Castle by exploring the castle’s stunning exterior and opulent interior. You’ll get plenty of photo opportunities throughout the castle grounds – making it the perfect spot for a selfie. This is one of the most picturesque landmarks in Germany.

26. Heidelberg Castle

Landmarks in Germany

Sitting atop a hill, overlooking Heidelberg city and the River Neckar – this castle has been a tourist destination for centuries.

Enjoy the castle grounds tour, including the ruins of the Great Hall and the Heidelberg Tun, a giant wine barrel that holds over 200,000 liters of wine. You can ride on the Heidelberg Castle Railway, which takes visitors on a short journey through the surrounding forest.

27. Frauenkirche, Munich

Landmarks in Germany

Frauenkirche is a massive church with two towers over 323 feet tall. Visitors can enter the church for free and explore the interior, which is beautifully decorated with marble and stained glass. But you need to purchase a ticket to ascend to the towers to catch an incredible top view.

This religious landmark in Germany was built in the early 1400s and was destroyed during World War II. However, it was rebuilt in the early 1950s and has become a symbol of hope and resilience for Munich.

28. The Rathaus-Glockenspiel

Landmarks in Germany

The Glockenspiel features a beautiful clock tower with 43 bells and 32 life-sized figures. These intricate figures come to life and dance every hour when the bell chimes.

Tourists can watch the figures perform, listen to the beautiful music that emanates from the tower, and even climb to the top for a birds-eye view of the city. The Glockenspiel is a must-see attraction for anyone visiting Munich and is sure to delight visitors of all ages.

29. Sanssouci Palace, Potsdam

Landmarks in Germany

The word ‘Sanssouci’ is French, meaning ‘without a care,’ The Sanssouci Palace certainly lives up to its name. Set amidst stunning gardens, Sanssouci Palace is a perfect place to relax.

A short train ride from Berlin to Potsdam will take you to the Sanssouci Palace. Now, you can stroll through the gardens, explore the palace’s many rooms, or simply enjoy the view from one of the many terraces.

30. Holocaust Memorial, Berlin

Landmarks in Germany

The Holocaust Memorial, located in Berlin, is a moving reminder of the past horrors. The memorial, which commemorates the victims of the Holocaust, is both sad and thought-provoking, making it one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

Walking through the memorial, which is made up of 2,711 concrete slabs, you can sit and reflect on the weight of history. The memorial is also a popular spot for taking photos, providing a unique perspective on the city.

 31. Nymphenburg Palace

Landmarks in Germany

The Nymphenburg Palace has an impressive collection of art, including works by some of the most famous artists of the 17th and 18th centuries. This sprawling baroque complex is located just outside Munich and is the finest example of German architecture.

Take a tour of the expansive grounds, which include a park, a botanical garden, and an outdoor theater. You can visit the apartments of some of the former residents of Nymphenburg Palace, including King Ludwig II.

32. Oktoberfest, Munich

Landmarks in Germany

Whilst not technically one of the physical landmarks in Germany, Oktoberfest definitely deserves a mention.

What’s not to love about Oktoberfest? The biggest and best party in the world, held annually in Munich, Germany. It’s a time to let your hair down and enjoy traditional German food and drink. But what makes Oktoberfest so unique?

Perhaps it’s because, for two weeks every year, the people of Munich come together to celebrate their city and culture. There isn’t any doubt that Oktoberfest is Germany’s most significant event tourists love to visit.

33. Englischer Garten, Munich

Landmarks in Germany

Englischer Garten is one of the most beautiful landmarks in Germany. The gardens are beautiful, and there is so much to see and do. The gardens were first planted in 1789 – making them one of the oldest public parks in Europe.

They have been home to some of the most significant events in German history, including the 1972 Summer Olympics. As a result, Englischer Garten holds a special place in the hearts of Germans.

34. Altes Rathaus

Landmarks in Germany

Altes Rathaus is located in Hanover City, a landmark known for its unique architecture and rich history. Visitors to Altes Rathaus are often amazed by its beautiful exterior, which features a stunning blend of Gothic and Renaissance styles.

The building is impressive inside with a grand staircase, intricate carvings, and a stunning stained glass window. Built-in the 14th century, it has been the site of many important events, including the signing of the Westphalia Peace, in 1648.

 35. Zwinger Palace, Dresden

Landmarks in Germany

Zwinger Palace is a remarkable example of Baroque architecture in the country. It keeps you engaged with several important art collections, including the famous Sistine Madonna by Raphael.

Augustus the Strong built Zwinger Palace’s rich history in the early 18th century. Today, tourists visit Zwinger Palace to admire its architecture, view its art collections, and learn about its fascinating history.

36. Zugspitze

Landmarks in Germany

At just under 10,000 feet, Zugspitze is the tallest mountain in Germany. But its height is not the only reason it’s one of the most important landmarks in Germany; Zugspitze is also home to the country’s only glacier. And for those who love skiing, Zugspitze is a worth visiting place; it has some of the best slopes in all of Europe.

Tourists also love Zugspitze because of its stunning views. And if the weather favors, you can see Austria, Italy, and Switzerland.

37. Berchtesgaden National Park, Bavaria

Landmarks in Germany

Berchtesgaden National Park is a beloved landmark in Germany. The park lets you witness the pristine alpine lakes, towering peaks, and verdant forests. Konigssee, a beautiful lake well known for its clear waters and picturesque scenery, is the favorite attraction within the park.

Whether you’re looking for an adventure or a relaxing day in nature, Berchtesgaden National Park has something to offer everyone.

38. Romer, Frankfurt

Landmarks in Germany

With the perfect combination of history and new trends, the Romer is one of the landmarks in Germany that offers an unforgettable experience. This medieval market square has been the site of many important events.

Today, Romer is a top tourist destination because of its beautiful Gothic architecture and lively atmosphere. Visitors love to explore the narrow alleyways and shop at the markets while enjoying a traditional German meal or a pint of beer in one of the many cafes and restaurants.

39. Bamberg Old Town Hall

Landmarks in Germany

Situated in the heart of Regnitz River on an island, the Bamberg Old Town Hall is a beautiful example of German architecture. Tourists love Bamberg Old Town Hall’s stunning facade and rich history.

Built-in the early 13th century, the Old Town Hall was once the seat of the Bamberg city government. However, now it houses a museum and a restaurant, and it is one of Bamberg’s favorite tourist attractions.

40. Beethoven Monument

Landmarks in Germany

The Beethoven monument was erected in 1845 to honor the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven. It stands nine feet tall and is made of bronze. Also, this monument depicts Beethoven in a classical pose, his arms outstretched and his head turned upwards.

Visitors to the monument often leave flowers or tributes at the statue’s base. The Beethoven Monument is a reminder of the city’s rich musical history.

41. Reichstag Building, Berlin

Landmarks in Germany

Built-in 1894, the Reichstag Building was used for the German parliament until 1933, when it was severely damaged in a fire. The building was abandoned during World War II, but after its restoration in 1999, it again became the German government seat.

Today, the Reichstag Building is a source of learning about history and seeing some of the original features damaged in the fire. It is one of the most important landmarks in Germany.

42. Eagles Nest, Berchtesgaden

Landmarks in Germany

Since Eagle’s Nest was the site of Hitler’s retreat during World War II, it is among the most renowned landmarks in Germany. The structure was built to be a gift for his 50th birthday. But what can you do at Eagle’s Nest?

The site offers a panoramic view you can enjoy by taking a cable car ride. You can also use this historical place to find some original artifacts from Hitler’s time.

 43. Monument to the Battle of the Nations

Landmarks in Germany

The monument commemorated the defeat of Napoleon in 1813. This monument is situated on top of a hill in the city of Leipzig, and it features a massive statue of a winged goddess holding a laurel wreath.

A theatre also surrounds the monument for concerts and other events. Tourists love the Battle of the Nations monument because it is an impressive sight and provides a great vantage point for viewing the city.

44. European Central Bank Building

Landmarks in Germany

The monument commemorated the defeat of Napoleon in 1813. This monument is situated on top of a hill in the city of Leipzig, and it features a giant statue of a winged goddess holding a laurel wreath.

An arena also surrounds the monument for concerts and other events. Tourists love the Battle of the Nations monument because it is among impressive landmarks in Germany. It provides a great vantage point for viewing the city.

45. Berlin Wall

Landmarks in Germany

The Berlin Wall was developed in 1961 to divide East and West Berlin. It stood for nearly 30 years before it was finally destroyed in 1989. Today, visitors love to see the Berlin Wall for its graffiti-covered concrete blocks that once divided the city.

People also like to learn about the wall’s history and the people affected by it. In addition, the Berlin Wall is also a reminder of the importance of freedom and democracy.

46. Mercedez Benz Museum

Landmarks in Germany

The Mercedez Benz Museum is a worth-seeing for luxury car fans. Located in Stuttgart, the museum showcases the history of one of Germany’s most iconic car companies.

Spread over 16,500 square meters, the museum contains over 1,500 exhibits, including more than 170 vehicles. The museum also features an interactive exhibit that lets visitors experience what it’s like to design their car.

47. Geierlay Suspension Bridge

Landmarks in Germany

Spanning nearly 360 meters, the Gierlay Suspension Bridge is the longest pedestrian suspension bridge in the country. Tourists love the views from the bridge, which offer all-encompassing views of the Moselle River valley.

For adventure lovers, there’s even a zip line that runs parallel to the bridge. The Geierlay Suspension Bridge is truly among the unique landmarks in Germany.

48. Pariser Platz, Berlin

Landmarks in Germany

Pariser Platz accommodates several iconic buildings, including the Academy of Arts, the French Embassy, and the Hotel Adlon Kempinski. Visitors to Pariser Platz are often amazed by the sheer size and scale of the buildings and their historical significance.

However, the square was destroyed during World War II. In 1999, the square was finally redeveloped, and today it is once again a thriving hub of activity.

49. Museum Island, Berlin

Landmarks in Germany

This small island in the River Spree caves to five internationally renowned museums dedicated to different aspects of art and culture. The museums are spread out over 20 acres of land.

They offer a wealth of exhibits and displays that provide a fascinating insight into the history and culture of Germany. Visitors can explore ancient Egyptian artifacts, medieval sculptures, and modern artworks, all within a few minutes’ walk.

50. Planten un Blomen, Hamburg

Landmarks in Germany

The park, Planten un Blomen, is well known for its beautiful gardens. Planten un Blomen keeps the tourists attracted with a botanical garden, an aquarium, and a planetarium.

You can enjoy a relaxing walk-through of the gardens, paddle in the lake, or ride on the historic miniature train. With its stunning gardens and variety of attractions, it’s no wonder that Planten un Blomen is the perfect match to become a landmark in Germany.

Landmarks in Germany- Final Thoughts

Germany is a renowned tourist destination for many reasons. From the enchanting Black Forest to the majestic castles that dot the countryside, there is no shortage of amazing landmarks in Germany.

And, of course, let’s not forget the world-famous Oktoberfest! Germany has something for everyone, whether you’re looking for history, culture, or just a good time. So, just book your tickets asap to check all the hype.

If you enjoyed reading this article on the important landmarks in Germany, then I am sure you will love these too:

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *