There are so many facts about Pakistan that will fascinate you. In fact, this lesser visited tourist destination has much more to offer than most people realise. But what exactly makes this country so interesting? Read on to find out…
- Facts About Pakistan
- 1. Pakistan Has the Highest Paved Road in the World
- 2. Pakistan Has the Second-Largest Salt Mine in the World
- 3. World’s Second-Largest Muslim Population Lives in Pakistan
- 4. Pakistan Is Home to the Youngest Nobel Prize Winner
- 5. Pakistan Had the First Female Prime Minister in the Muslim World
- 6. The Word “Pakistan” Has a Beautiful Meaning
- 7. Urdu Is the Official National Language of Pakistan
- 8. Pakistan Has an Unusual Family!
- 9. Pakistan Is the Largest Football Producer
- 10. Pakistan Has the World’s Highest ATM
- 11. Pakistan Has 2 of the Largest Mosques in the World
- 12. Pakistan Has the Largest Volunteer Ambulance Service in the World
- 13. Pakistan Had a 20-Year-Old Civil Judge
- 14. Pakistan Has the Highest Polo Ground in the World
- 15. Pakistan Was Under the Rule of the British
- 16. Field Hockey Is the National Sport of Pakistan
- 17. Pakistan Is Home to the World’s Only Fertile Desert
- 18. K2 Is the World’s Second-Highest Mountain
- 19. The Largest Earth-Filled Dam Is Built in Pakistan
- 20. Pakistan Once Had One of the World’s Oldest Civilisations
- 21. Pakistan Has Six UNESCO Heritage Sites
- 22. Pakistan Has the World’s 5th Largest Population
- 23. Tea Is a Big Part of the Pakistani Culture
- 24. Nihari Is Pakistan’s National Dish
- 25. Pakistanis Invented the First Personal Computer Virus
- Further Reading – Facts About Pakistan
Facts About Pakistan
Located in South Asia, Pakistan is known for its vibrant culture, delicious food, rich history, and its cricket team too!
The country also has various splendid landscapes, right from snow-capped mountains to deserts. Hence, there are just countless beautiful facts about Pakistan.
In this article, I’ve mentioned some of the best facts about Pakistan. So, read on!
1. Pakistan Has the Highest Paved Road in the World
Let’s discuss one of the craziest facts about Pakistan.
The construction of the Karakoram Highway started in 1962 and ended in 1978. It was opened to the public in the same year.
This highway is built at an elevation of 4,714 metres or 15,466 feet near the Khunjerab Pass.
2. Pakistan Has the Second-Largest Salt Mine in the World
The Khewra Salt Mine, located in the Potohar plateau in the Punjab region of Pakistan, is the second-largest salt mine.
This salt mine produces 325,000 tons of salt every year! You’ll also find a complex network of tunnels spanning 40 kilometres.
The Khewra Salt Mine also has tiny salt statues of iconic landmarks like the Great Wall of China and the Badshahi Mosque.
3. World’s Second-Largest Muslim Population Lives in Pakistan
Pakistan is not just a Muslim-majority country. It also has the second-largest Muslim population after Indonesia.
Indonesia has a Muslim population of 231 million, whereas Pakistan has 200 million Muslims. However, this doesn’t mean that Pakistan doesn’t have people of other religions.
Apart from Muslims, you’ll also find Hindus (around 4 million), Sikhs (around 35,000), and Christians (around 2.6 million) in Pakistan.
4. Pakistan Is Home to the Youngest Nobel Prize Winner
I’m fairly confident that you might know these facts about Pakistan!
Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani citizen born in Swat Valley, is the youngest Nobel Prize Winner.
She was shot by the Taliban in the head when she was coming home from school. Yet, she didn’t let that stop her from inspiring the world with her bravery.
In 2014, Malala went on to receive the Nobel Prize when she was just 17 years old for standing up against the Taliban and fighting for the education rights of children.
If you want to know more about her, you can also read her autobiography named “I Am Malala”. It’s a truly inspirational read!
5. Pakistan Had the First Female Prime Minister in the Muslim World
Most Muslim countries didn’t have female prime ministers.
Yet, Pakistanis elected Benazir Bhutto in 1988 as the official Prime Minister of Pakistan.
Benazir went on to lead the country between 1988 and 1990. She was re-elected in 1993 and continued to lead till 1996.
6. The Word “Pakistan” Has a Beautiful Meaning
These naming facts about Pakistan are quite interesting!
The name “Pakistan” comes from two separate words – “Pak” and “Stan”.
“Pak” is a Persian word which means holy or pure, whereas “Stan” is a Hindi word which translates to place.
Therefore, Pakistan means “a holy or pure place”.
7. Urdu Is the Official National Language of Pakistan
Pakistan is a melting pot of cultures and languages. According to sources, the country has over 77 listed languages!
Urdu is the official national language of Pakistan. Yet, it’s only the fifth most popular language in the country as only 7% of the citizens consider it as their first language.
On the other hand, Punjabi (38.78%), Pashto (18.24%), and Sindhi (14.57%) are the three most widely-spoken languages in Pakistan.
8. Pakistan Has an Unusual Family!
Here’s one of the most peculiar facts about Pakistan.
A Pakistani family holds the Guinness World Record for most coincident birthdays.
The Mangi family has nine members, including two parents and seven children. All of them share the same birthday as they were all born on August 1st!
Imagine having nine parties in just one day.
9. Pakistan Is the Largest Football Producer
Football fans, this is one of the facts about Pakistan for you!
Before 2011, India was a top exporter of football. However, in the next few years, Pakistan became the largest football producer.
Sialkot, a city in Pakistan, is responsible for producing 70% of the world’s footballs. In fact, there are more than 1000 football-producing companies employing over 60,000 workers!
In 2018, Pakistan exported around 38 million balls for $154 million to Russia for the FIFA World Cup.
10. Pakistan Has the World’s Highest ATM
Have you ever wondered where the world’s highest ATM is situated? Even if you haven’t, here is one of the truly fascinating facts about Pakistan!
The highest ATM in the world is at an elevation of 4693 metres or 15,396 feet on the Khunjerab Pass located in Northern Pakistan.
While we’re discussing this, let me tell you that Khunjerab Pass is the highest paved international border! It is situated between China and Pakistan.
The ATM mainly serves a few locals and mainly the soldiers standing on the border.
11. Pakistan Has 2 of the Largest Mosques in the World
As I mentioned above, Pakistan has the second-highest number of Muslims in the world. Therefore, you’ll also find many stunning mosques here.
The two large mosques – Grand Jamia Mosque and Faisal Mosque are also in Pakistan.
Grand Jamia Mosque is the third-largest mosque in the world and is located in Karachi. It covers an area of 202,343 square metres.
Faisal Mosque, the sixth-largest mosque, is situated in Islamabad and covers an area of 54,000 square metres.
12. Pakistan Has the Largest Volunteer Ambulance Service in the World
If there’s one fact out of these facts about Pakistan that I love, it’s this one.
The Edhi Foundation in Pakistan offers 24-hour emergency service. It has more than 300 centres in Pakistan and also provides other services like Drug rehabilitation, disaster relief, orphanages, and free healthcare.
The organisation has its own website on which you can read more about them and how they’re looking after the people of Pakistan!
13. Pakistan Had a 20-Year-Old Civil Judge
This is one of the most impressive facts about Pakistan.
Justice Muhammad Ilyas, a student from Gujrat, Punjab, graduated from Zamindar College in 1948, at 17 years of age.
Later on, he passed the Judicial examination to become a civil judge when he was just 20 years old! His name is also recorded in the Guinness World Records as the youngest civil judge in the world.
14. Pakistan Has the Highest Polo Ground in the World
Pakistanis love to play Polo! Hence, they’ve built the highest polo ground in the entire world.
The polo ground at Shandur Top in District Ghizer of Gilgit–Baltistan in Pakistan is found at a height of 3,700 metres or 12,139 feet.
The ground is also a venue for the famous Shandur Polo Festival which takes place every year between 7th and 9th July. During the festival, you’ll also get to experience various folk performances of Pakistan.
15. Pakistan Was Under the Rule of the British
In case you didn’t know these facts about Pakistan, the country was also a part of India before the India-Pakistan partition in 1947.
The British ruled over India and Pakistan between 1858 and 1947. However, in 1947, India gained independence, which also led to the creation of Pakistan.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah is considered the founder of Pakistan. The locals also refer to him as “Quaid-e-Azam” or “Great Leader” and “Baba-e-Qaum” or “Father of the Nation”.
16. Field Hockey Is the National Sport of Pakistan
Here are sports-related fun facts about Pakistan!
Although many Pakistanis are crazy about cricket, it’s not the national sport. Instead, field hockey enjoys the title of being the national sport of the country.
Pakistan’s official Men’s Hockey Team is also one of the best ones out there.
The team has won various matches, including four world cups (1971, 1978, 1982, and 1994) and three gold medals in the Olympics too.
17. Pakistan Is Home to the World’s Only Fertile Desert
Desert and fertile aren’t two terms that you can use in the same sentence. Yet, these astonishing facts about Pakistan will prove us wrong!
Tharparkar Desert, the 18th largest desert in the world, located in the Sindh province in Pakistan is the only desert where plants can grow!
It is because the desert has a wet season between July and September during which the rainfall allows many herbs to grow and thrive. As it’s a desert, the rainfall conditions are often fluctuating.
You’ll find around 89 indigenous plant species growing in the Tharparkar desert, making this one of the most unique facts about deserts.
18. K2 Is the World’s Second-Highest Mountain
We all know that Mount Everest is the highest mountain peak in the world.
However, these facts about Pakistan are pretty fascinating as the second-highest peak is located here!
K2 has a height of 8,611 metres or 28,251 feet above sea level. Hence, it’s the second highest peak after Mount Everest, which has a height of 8,849 metres or 29,032 feet.
K2 also has many other names such as “Chogori”, “Dapsang” and Mount Godwin Austen. It’s located between Baltistan in Pakistan and Xinjiang in China.
19. The Largest Earth-Filled Dam Is Built in Pakistan
Here’s one of the impressive facts about Pakistan!
Built on the Indus River, the Tarbela Dam is the largest earth-filled dam in the world. The government started this project in 1978 and it was completed in 1984. The whole project cost around $1.49 billion!
The damn is spread across an area of 243 square kilometres and is 143 meters high.
20. Pakistan Once Had One of the World’s Oldest Civilisations
If you’re a history lover, you need to know these facts about Pakistan.
The country was home to one of the world’s oldest civilisations, the Indus Valley Civilisation. It lasted between the years 3300 BC and 1300 BCE. Apart from Pakistan, the civilisation also spread across present-day India and Afghanistan.
Many towns and cities of the Indus Valley Civilisation were built near the banks of the Indus River. They had elaborate drainage systems, impressive architecture, and art and craft of their own.
You’ll find the remnants of the civilisation at three locations in Pakistan – Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo Daro.
21. Pakistan Has Six UNESCO Heritage Sites
These facts about Pakistan aren’t a huge surprise as the country was home to one of the oldest civilizations in history. The Mughal rule also contributed to the heritage sites in Pakistan.
The Archaeological Ruins at Mohenjo Daro is one of the most important UNESCO Heritage Sites. It dates back to 2500 BC and showcases the architecture, life, and culture of the Indus Valley Civilisation.
The Fort and Shalimar Gardens in Lahore are also considered UNESCO World Heritage Site. They showcase the beautiful style and artistic expression of the Mughal rulers.
Other UNESCO Heritage Sites in Pakistan include Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta, Rohtas Fort, Taxila, and Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol.
22. Pakistan Has the World’s 5th Largest Population
Pakistan is one of the countries with a huge population.
The country has a staggering population of more than 240 million people. The most populated cities in Pakistan include Karachi (15 million), Lahore (11 million), Faisalabad (3.2 million) and Peshawar (2 million).
Certain other cities like Quetta and Islamabad have a population of more than a million. You’ll also find other cities having a population of half a million or more!
23. Tea Is a Big Part of the Pakistani Culture
The popularity of tea isn’t just in the UK but also in Pakistani culture!
Pakistanis refer to “tea” as “chai”. The country also has several variations of preparing tea. For instance, Elaichi (or cardamom) tea is extremely popular in Karachi.
On the other hand, the people of Punjab in Pakistan love Doodh Pati Chai, a type of thick and milky tea.
Tea is an integral part of Pakistan, as it’s commonly served to guests. Pakistanis also have a habit of drinking tea in the morning. You’ll also find several tea vendors in markets selling a hot cup of Chai!
24. Nihari Is Pakistan’s National Dish
It’s a sin to not discuss the food facts about Pakistan!
Pakistani cuisine has wonderful cuisine where each dish contains several spices and an explosion of flavours.
Nihari, a popular meat-based dish, is considered Pakistan’s national dish. It is a type of meat stew which is slow-cooked and contains many condiments. The dish also has a thick consistency as flour or wheat flour (atta) is added for a rich texture.
25. Pakistanis Invented the First Personal Computer Virus
If you’re a techie, here are a few fun facts about Pakistan!
Basit and Amjad Farooq Alvi, two Pakistani brothers from Lahore, wrote the code for the first IBM PC virus, named Brain, in 1986.
Do you want to know an even more surprising fact? Both the brothers were only 17 and 24 years old!
The whole point of coding a PC virus was not to harm other computers or programs but to safeguard their own heart monitoring program from getting ripped off.
Further Reading – Facts About Pakistan
Right from its entertainment/sports industry to history to culture, Pakistan truly shines in almost everything!
So, I hope this article did justice in covering some of the most important facts about Pakistan.
If you enjoyed reading these facts, I’m sure that you’ll love these other posts on my blog.