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55 must-see Australia landmarks + fascinating facts!

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There are so many Australia landmarks that you must visit on your trip down under, but which Australia landmarks are the best and why? Find out in this article outlining 55 must-see Australia landmarks…


55 Must-See Australia Landmarks

When talking about Australia, who could forget about snorkeling at the coral reef, golden beaches, lush rainforest, and Opera House? From natural to artificial landmarks, this country has much to explore. Australia offers the most incredible and unforgettable experiences to tourists.

The country entertains millions of international tourists annually and there are more Australian bucket list experiences than most people have time for. So whether you are looking for an adventure-filled or a relaxing vacation, Australia has perfect spots for you.

Here is a list of the 55 must-see Australia landmarks to add to your bucket list before heading on your trip.

1. Great Barrier Reef, Queensland

Australia Landmarks

Australia’s most iconic landmark is the world’s largest coral reef. It is one of the most visited Australia landmarks. The Great Barrier Reef is also among the seven wonders of the natural world. Stretching for over 2,300 kilometers, this reef is home to a diverse range of marine life and has 900 islands.

It is located in the Coral Sea off the coast of Queensland in north-eastern Australia. You can reach the reef by taking a boat from any port. Moreover, visitors can enjoy various activities here, such as diving, snorkeling, and swimming.

2. Uluru, Northern Territory

Australia Landmarks

A sacred place in aboriginal culture. Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock. It is a large sandstone rock formation in the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Located in the southern part of the Northern Territory, about 335 kilometers from Alice Springs.

The most famous thing about this place is the color of the rock, which changes with different timings of the day. The best time to visit Uluru is during the sunrise and sunset when the colors are most vibrant. You can take a walk around the base of Uluru or go on a camel tour.

Moreover, make sure not to climb Uluru as it is considered disrespectful to the aboriginal people.

3. Sydney Opera House, New South Wales

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Archetypal of Australia, the Sydney Opera House is one of the most recognizable buildings in the world. It is a multi-venue performing arts center in Sydney. Located on Bennelong Point in the city’s harbor.

The Opera House comprises two main performance halls and a smaller theater. It also has restaurants and bars. The building is surrounded by a beautiful park with views of the harbor. Tourists are entertained with a variety of shows and concerts all year round.

4. Bondi Beach, New South Wales

Australia Landmarks

One of the world’s famous beaches, Bondi Beach, is a must-visit landmark in Sydney. The beach is about 7 kilometers from the city center and is easily accessible by public transport.

Its golden sand and turquoise water make it a popular spot for tourists and locals. Bondi Beach is great for swimming, sunbathing, surfing, and other beach activities. It is not less than heaven for beach lovers.

5. Great Ocean Road, Victoria

Australia Landmarks

Driving along the Great Ocean Road is among the unforgettable experiences. It is a 243-kilometer stretch of road along the south-eastern coast of Australia. Dedicated to the soldiers who lost their lives during World War I.

This trip takes you through the scenic coastline, rainforests, and beaches. You can also stop at various lookout points to feel the views. This man-made thrilling landmark is also on the list of Australian National Heritage.

6. Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory

Australia Landmarks

A UNESCO World Heritage Site, Kakadu National Park is the largest national park in Australia. It covers an area of over 20,000 square kilometers.

The park is known for its diverse wildlife, Aboriginal rock art, and crocodiles.

 You can spot more than 1,500 species of plants and animals in Kakadu. It comprises waterfalls, cliffs, gorges, waterholes, and floodplains. You can go to take part in hiking, camping, and fishing in the park.

7. Twelve Apostles, Majestic Limestone Stacks

Australia Landmarks

Over 20 million years old, the Twelve Apostles is a group of limestone stacks. They are located off the shore of Port Campbell National Park, Victoria. These limestone stacks are the result of erosion from the Southern Ocean.

Travelers love to enjoy the views at sunrise or sunset when the colors of the sky change. It makes the rocks look even more beautiful. You can consider a helicopter tour or a boat ride to have a closer look.

8. Daintree Rainforest, a Timeline of Life on Earth

Australia Landmarks

Unbelievably, the Daintree Rainforest is more than 180 million years old. You will see animals and plants that have been present since Gondwana. Located in far north Queensland and spread over 1,200 square kilometres.

Interestingly, it is the largest continuous area of tropical rainforest in Australia. The Daintree is also home to more than 12,000 species of insects.

In addition, you can explore amazing wild beaches and boardwalks here, especially Thornton Beach, Marrdja walk, Cape Tribulation, and Mount Alexandra-Lookout.

9. Whitsundays, Tropical Islands

Australia Landmarks

A group of 74 tropical islands in the heart of the Great Barrier Reef, the Whitsundays is the favorite destination of nature lovers. It is located in the northeast of Queensland, Australia.

The Whitsundays is blessed with white sand beaches, turquoise water, and lush rainforests. If you love swimming, snorkeling, diving, sailing, and kayaking, then this is the perfect option for you to go.

10. Wineglass Bay, Freycinet National Park

Australia Landmarks

Wineglass Bay is a secluded beach in the Freycinet National Park of Tasmania. The sparkling white sand and translucent aqua water make it one of the most beautiful Australia landmarks.

The beach is surrounded by pink granite mountains, which make it more picturesque. It is an excellent spot for swimming, sunbathing, and picnicking. Hiking is also a great activity to do here.

11. The Blue Mountains National Park, Three Sisters

Australia Landmarks

In the west of Sydney in New South Wales, the Blue Mountains National Park is one of Australia’s most visited national parks. It is well-known for the ancient rugged landscape and the Three Sisters rock formation.

Its spectacular natural beauty is also doubled by charming waterfalls, lookouts, caves, eucalyptus forests, and hiking trails. In the park, you can explore different activities here, including bushwalking, abseiling, canyoning, rock climbing, and mountain biking.

12. Jenolan Caves, the World’s Oldest caves

Australia Landmarks

With jaw-dropping limestone formations, the Jenolan Caves is one of the oldest caves in the world. It is around 340 million years old, which represents the Binoomea. The caves are located in the Blue Mountains of New South Wales.

Traditionally, the caves are home to the Gundungurra and Darug Aboriginal people. They believe that the caves’ water and crystals possessed healing properties. The Jenolan Caves offer an extensive range of activities, such as caving, photography, and bushwalking.

13. Cradle Mountain, a World Heritage-listed Wilderness

Australia Landmarks

Cradle Mountain-Lake St. Clair National Park is situated in Tasmania. With a height of 1,545 meters it is one of the world’s tallest mountain.

Cradle Mountain is a haven for wildlife lovers as it hosts wombats, echidnas, wallabies, and over 40 species of birds. The best time to visit is between December and January. However, during this summer period, the valley is in full bloom.

So, if you are a nature enthusiast and wildlife lover; this Australia landmarks should be in your priority list.

14. Lake Hillier, a Lake without Fish

Australia Landmarks

Have you ever seen a pink lake? Well, you can find one in Western Australia, on Middle Island. Yes, it’s Lake Hillier Yes, it’s Lake Hillier that is counted among the most-visited Australia landmarks. The lake is so salty that no fish or aquatic animals can survive in it. Previously, the lake was also used for the salt-extraction process.

Although the water is undrinkable and salty, many tourists still love swimming. Well, the salt-loving bacteria Dunaliella salina is responsible for its distinctive color.

15. Port Arthur Historic Site

Australia Landmarks

This 18th-century penal colony is one of Australia’s most significant heritage areas. The site in Tasmania includes more than 30 historic buildings, ruins, and restored period homes. Previously, it was used as a prison for the British Empire’s most notorious criminals.

Today, it is among the famous Australia landmarks, open to local and international tourists. Moreover, you can visit Port Arthur to realize how life was in the penal colony.

16. Gordon Dam, the Tallest Dam

Australia Landmarks

This arch-shaped dam is one of the tallest dams in Australia. It is located between Gordon River and Olga River in Tasmania. The dam’s height is 140 meters, and it can hold around 12,359,040 megaliters of water.

Because of its stunning location, natural beauty, amazing arch shape, and challenging hiking tracks, Gordon Dam is one of the top tourist destinations in Tasmania, just like other Australia landmarks.

17. Serbian Orthodox Church

Australia Landmarks


An Underground Church in Coober Pedy. This Serbian Orthodox Church is one of the unique churches in Australia. As the name suggests, the church is entirely underground. It is located in the opal mining town of Coober Pedy in South Australia.

The church was originally built in 1913 but was damaged during World War II. Later it was rebuilt, and now it is a significant part of Australian history.

18. Cathedral Gorge, an Unforgettable Place

Australia Landmarks

In Bungle Bungle Range, you will find this amazing Cathedral Gorge. It is one of the most scenic Australia landmarks and a must-visit destination. The Gorge got its name because of its similarity to the architecture of a cathedral.

It is located in Purnululu National Park, Western Australia. The uniqueness of the Gorge is that it changes color as the day passes. In the morning, the place looks orange, and in the afternoon, it turns red.

19. Bells Beach, the Best Surfing Spot in Australia

Australia Landmarks

If you are a surfing enthusiast, then Bells Beach is one of the best Australia landmarks for you to explore.. The beach is located in Victoria and is considered the best surfing spot in Australia. The beach has great waves for surfing all year round.

Moreover, it is featured for its annual surfing competition, which is held every Easter. The competition attracts many professional surfers from all over the world. Try to visit the beach during the competition to witness some great surfing.

20. Karijini National Park, a World Heritage Site

Australia Landmarks

Karijini National Park is located in the Hamersley Ranges of Western Australia. It is one of the largest national parks in Australia and covers an area of 627,422 hectares. The spectacular deep-red cliffs, gorges, massive canyons, and waterfalls make it one of the most attractive Australia landmarks.

However, the erosion created these deep gorges about two billion years ago. It makes the Karijini National Park one of the oldest landscapes in Australia.

21. Kings Canyon, a Place of Wonders

Australia Landmarks

A well-shaped and deep canyon with sidewalls of red color keeps it distinct from other canyons. Located in Watarrka National Park, Northern Territory. The canyon is about 100 meters deep and has a natural amphitheater at the end, also called the Garden of Eden.

The walls are red because they are made of sandstone and conglomerate. Among various Australia landmarks, King Canyon got its fame because of its natural beauty and the Kings Creek that flows through the canyon.

22. Litchfield National Park, a True Natural Wonder

Australia Landmarks

Another marvelous landmark in the Northern Territory of Australia is Litchfield National Park. Its magnetic termite mounds, waterfalls, and swimming holes are prominent. The park contains a diverse range of wildlife, including wallabies, crocodiles, and pythons.

But, the most significant feature of the Litchfield National Park is magnetic termite mounds. These mounds are up to 5 meters high and have a diameter of around 10 meters.

23. Broome, a Town with a Rich History

Australia Landmarks

Broome is a town located in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. The town has a rich history, and it was once the pearl capital of the world. Broome is also home to Australia’s oldest Chinatown.

The town has a tropical climate and is a suitable tourist stay point because of its beautiful beaches, such as Cable Beach. Broome is also known for its eco-tourism.

24. The Ghan Train, One of the Greatest Train Journeys in the World

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Australia is not only significant for its natural landmarks but also for its man-made landmarks. For example, the Ghan train is one of the world’s longest and greatest train journeys.

The train runs from Adelaide to Darwin, taking around 54 hours. The train’s route covers 2979 kilometers and passes through different breathtaking landscapes and Australia landmarks.

25. Kuranda Scenic Railway, a Must-Do Activity

Australia Landmarks

If you are in Cairns, then Kuranda Scenic Railway is a must-do activity. The train journey starts from Cairns and takes you through the rainforest to Kuranda. The train passes through 15 tunnels and 37 bridges, making it a memorable experience.

The journey takes around 2 hours, and you will see incredible views of the Barron Gorge National Park. The Kuranda Scenic Railway is among the best tourist attractions in Australia.

26. Fraser Island, the World’s Largest Sand Island

Australia Landmarks

Fraser Island is located off the south-eastern coast of Queensland and is the world’s largest sand island. The island is enriched with a diverse range of wildlife, including dingoes, turtles, and whales.

You will uncover some of the unique beaches in Australia, such as 75-Mile Beach and Rainbow Beach. Tourists or Travelers love this spot because of its serenity and abundance of nature.

27. Heide Museum of Modern Art

Australia Landmarks


Are you looking for some unique Australia landmarks? The Heide Museum of Modern Art should be on your list. The museum is located in Bulleen, Victoria, and has an incredible collection of artworks. John and Sunday Reed are the founders of this museum.

It has a beautiful garden with sculptures and a café. Those highly interested in art and architecture will find this one of the most fascinating Australia landmarks.

28. Harbor Bridge, the Sixth-Longest Spanning-Arch Bridge

Australia Landmarks

This engineering marvel is located in Sydney and is the world’s sixth-longest spanning-arch bridge. It is also called “The Coat hanger” because of its arch-based design. The bridge’s total length is 500 meters, and the arch spans 134 meters.

The bridge was opened in 1932 and is one of the most iconic Australia landmarks. You can climb the bridge and get a panoramic view of the city. This is certainly one of the Australia landmarks with the best views!

Australia Landmarks

It is one of the most-visited Australia landmarks in Tasmania, with a combination of three different places: a museum, an art gallery, and botanical gardens. The gallery has some incredible Tasmanian art.

It also features different exhibitions that help you to learn about the history of Tasmania.

30. Carlton Gardens, a Historical Site

Australia Landmarks

Another World Heritage Site is located in Melbourne. These 18th-century designed gardens are a delicate representation of the Victorian era. The total area of the gardens is 26 hectares. The incredible flowers and plants here are worth seeing.

Many historical buildings are located in the Carlton Gardens, such as the Royal Exhibition Building and Melbourne Museum. The gardens also have fountains, ponds, and sculptures.

31. Yarra Valley, the Best Wine Region

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Yarra Valley is one of the best wine regions in Australia and is located in Victoria. The valley holds significance because it was the first wine region in Victoria. Further, the climate here is perfect for grapevines.

You can entertain yourself in a hot balloon over the Yarra Valley. It is one of the most popular things to do in this valley. The view from the hot balloon is mesmerizing as you will see the valley and its vineyards. For wine drinkers, this is certainly one of the best Australia landmarks.

32. Sea World Marine Park

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A marine mammal park, oceanarium, and theme park located on the Gold Coast, Queensland. The park has dolphin shows and seal shows. You can also feed the dolphins here. The park has a variety of rides, such as the Jet Stunt Extreme and Skyhigh.

You will spot many Australian native animals, such as koalas, kangaroos, and penguins. The park also has a huge aquarium with a variety of sea creatures.

33. Snowy Mountains

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These Snowy Mountains, also known as “The Snowies,” are located in New South Wales and stretch over 700 kilometers. These are the tallest mountain ranges present in Australia.

With multiple options for skiing, hiking, snowboarding, and mountain biking, it is one of the most visited Australia landmarks. The best time to visit this place is between June to October. However, if you want to enjoy snowsports here, July and August would be ideal.

34. Melbourne Chapel Street, for Shopaholics

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Chapel Street is one of the most iconic shopping streets in Melbourne, making this one of the best Australia landmarks for shoppers. The street has high-end fashion stores, home décor stores, and cafés. So, you can easily find both local and international brands here.

The street is always crowded with shoppers. So if you love shopping in Melbourne, Chapel Street should be on your list.

35. Taronga Zoo, Sydney

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One of the most popular zoos in Australia, Taronga Zoo, is located in Sydney. The zoo has over 350 species of animals. You can get a close view of the animals as most enclosures are designed to allow you to do so.

The zoo also has a cable car that gives you a bird’s eye view of the enclosure and the animals.

36. St. Mary’s Cathedral, a Spiritual Spot

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The St. Mary’s Cathedral is one of the most significant cathedrals in Australia. The neo-gothic design of the cathedral is worth seeing. The cathedral is located in Sydney and is the seat of the Archbishop of Sydney.

The cathedral has many stained glass windows that make it even more beautiful. The cathedral also has a school attached to it.

37. Byron Bay, the Most Loved Beach Town

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A perfect summer vacation point for local and international tourists. Byron Bay is a beach town located in New South Wales. This small town is known for its outstanding golden beaches.

It is also a great spot for surfing. Moreover, if you want to give your taste buds a treat, the cafés and restaurants in Byron Bay will offer you the most delectable cuisines.

38. Nambung National Park, the Pinnacles

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The ethereal beauty of the Pinnacles is one of the unique Australia landmarks. These limestone structures are located in the Nambung National Park of Western Australia. The Pinnacles were formed over millions of years and are a sight to behold.

Moreover, the national park also has a beautiful sandy beach. The blue waters and the white sand make it a perfect place to spend a day or two.

39. Sovereign Hill, a Glimpse of the Past

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A Ballarat attraction point for visitors, Sovereign Hill, is an outdoor museum that gives you a glimpse of what life was like during the Victorian Gold Rush. You can see people dressed in clothes from the 1850s.

The Sovereign Hill has a working gold mine, and you can try your hand at mining. The museum also has a school where you can learn about the gold rush.

40. Mudgee, a Wine Region

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An elegant and sophisticated wine region. Mudgee is located in New South Wales. The town is surrounded by hills and has a serene atmosphere. It is popular for its 32 wineries that produce some of Australia’s best wines.

Undoubtedly, Mudgee is the among the most beloved Australia landmarks for the wine lovers.

41. Pitt Street Mall, Shopping Spot

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This iconic shopping street is located in Sydney. The Pitt Street Mall is one of the busiest shopping streets in Australia. You will find all the major brands here. The street also has many renowned cafés and restaurants. Pitt Street Mall is a good option if you love shopping and spending time in malls.

42. Sydney Tower

Australia Landmarks

The Sydney Tower is Australia’s tallest tower. One of the most incredible Australia landmarks, it offers a 360-degree view of the city.

The tower contains a restaurant that revolves slowly, giving you a mesmerising view of the entire city. You can also try skywalk, where you can walk around the tower’s perimeter. This is one of the most popular Australia landmarks.

43. Grand Pacific Drive, a Scenic Drive

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One of the best ways to see New South Wales’s coast is by driving on the Grand Pacific Drive. It is about 150km long that takes you through some of the most beautiful coastal towns.

The drive starts from Sydney and takes you through Wollongong, Kiama, and Shoalhaven. It ends at Nowra. You will see impressive beaches, rainforests, and cliffs on your way. This is without a doubt one of the best Australia landmarks for those taking a road trip.

44. Wave Rock, a Natural Wonder

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Wave Rock is a natural wonder located in Western Australia. The rock is about 15m high and 110m long. It is shaped like a wave and is one of the unique rocks in the world.

The rock is also a great spot for bird watching. You can see many different species of birds here. Moreover, the area around Wave Rock is also inhabited by kangaroos, emus, and lizards.

45. Hamilton Island, a Perfect Getaway

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Hamilton Island is the place for you if you are looking for a perfect getaway. The island is located in the Whitsunday Islands and is a popular vacation spot. The island has many activities to keep you busy. For example, you can go snorkeling, diving, or sailing.

Moreover, the island has a golf course and many restaurants and cafes. You can also stay in one of the luxurious resorts on the island.

46. McLaren Valley, a Wildlife Sanctuary

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In South Australia, McLaren Valley is inhabited by many species of animals. As a result, the valley has become a great place to see Australian wildlife. You can see koalas, kangaroos, echidnas, and wombats here.

Moreover, the valley has many walking trails that take you through the different habitats of the animals. This valley is also a great place for bird watching.

47. Rottnest Island, a Nature Reserve

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Rottnest Island is a natural reserve located off the coast of Western Australia. The island is enriched with many different species of animals. You can see dolphins, seals, and penguins here.

This island is also a great place for snorkeling and diving. You can see many different types of fish and coral here. Moreover, the island has many walking trails that take you through the different habitats of the animals.

48. The Sunken Garden Umpherston Sinkhole

Australia Landmarks

This lush greenery is a must-see for all plant lovers. Sunken Garden is located in Mount Gambier and is the busiest tourist spot.

The garden is unique because it is an inverted sinkhole.

Different species of plants and trees add more to their elegance. The garden is also a great place to see Australian wildlife. You can see echidnas, wallabies, and possums here.

49. Devils Marbles, a Geological Wonder

Australia Landmarks

You may be surprised to see Devil’s Marbles because of their unusual shape. The marbles are located in the Northern Territory and are about 300 million years old. The marbles are huge round rocks that are balancing on top of each other.

Devil’s Marbles is a great spot for selfie enthusiasts. You can climb on top of the rocks and enjoy the views. This place is of great importance due to its cultural and spiritual value.

50. Barossa Valley, a Romantic Countryside

Australia Landmarks

Are you looking for a romantic getaway? If yes, then Barossa Valley ­– one of the most romantic Australia landmarks is the best pick for you.. The valley is located in South Australia and is a frequently visited spot by couples.

The Mediterranean climate of the valley is perfect for growing grapevines. That’s why the valley is also a great place to go wine tasting. You can visit many different wineries and taste the different types of premium wines.

51. North Terrace Boulevard, a Cultural Hotspot

Australia Landmarks

If you are visiting Adelaide, you must walk down North Terrace Boulevard. The boulevard is the cultural hotspot of the city. You can see many different museums, art galleries, and libraries here.

The boulevard is also a great venue to go shopping. You can visit different stores that sell Australian souvenirs. Moreover, the boulevard has many restaurants and cafes for food lovers.

52. Parliament of Australia, the Seat of Government

Australia Landmarks


Although it’s an official government building, its odd-looking shape makes it an important spot for all tourists. It is an international award-winning design project among hundreds of projects. The building is the seat of government and is located in Canberra.

You can take a tour of the building and see the different chambers. The tour is very informative, and you will learn about the history and work of the Australian government. If politics is your thing then this is surely one of the best Australia landmarks.

53. Richmond Bridge, the Oldest Bridge in Australia

Australia Landmarks

Richmond Bridge is located in Tasmania and is the oldest bridge in Australia. The bridge was built in 1823 and is made of stone. The bridge is a heritage site and a great spot for photography. You can capture the beautiful views of the river and the mountains with your camera.

If you are looking for some relaxing yet thrilling countryside, you must visit Richmond Bridge. The place is great for fishing, swimming, and kayaking.

54. Mary River Floodplain, a Nature Wonder

Australia Landmarks

See big crocodiles close in their natural habitat at Mary River Floodplain. The floodplain is located in the Northern Territory and is a great place to see Australian wildlife. You can also see different species of birds and reptiles here.

The best time to visit the floodplain is during the wet season when the water level is high. However, you need to be careful as the place can be dangerous during that time.

55. Ninety Mile Beach and Gippsland Lakes, a Secluded Beach

Australia Landmarks

If you are excited to see some secluded beaches and lakes, you must visit the Gippsland region. This region is located in Victoria and is home to Ninety Mile Beach and Gippsland Lakes.

This ninety-mile beach is considered the world’s longest uninterrupted beach. You can capture unforgettable memories by doing different activities like fishing, swimming, and surfing here. This picnic point is also great for boating and bird watching.

If lakes are your thing then you might want to check out the top things to do around Lake Burley Griffin in Canberra too.

The best Australia Landmarks- Wrapping Up

As I have demonstraing in this article about Australia landmarks, with its breathtaking natural sceneries, man-made wonders, and brilliant beaches, Australia is the most popular tourist destination for a reason.

Here I have picked 55 must-see Australia landmarks that you probably haven’t heard of before. If you want to get the most out of your trip, don’t forget to add these heavenly landmarks to your list.

So, what are you waiting for? Pack your bag to explore these amazing places!

Did I forget any Australia landmarks? If so, let me know in the comments below! And if you enjoyed this article then I am sure you will love these too-